Built into limestone cliffs, with its medieval houses clinging precariously overlooking the gorge of the River Alzou, Rocamadour is a major pilgrimage site, home to an ancient oratory which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary some time before the tenth century. The town is famous for being the site where the body of St Amadour, who is believed to be Zacchaeus of the gospel, was discovered near the town’s chapel in 1166, an event which led to a succession of miracles in the town. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary, the town ranks behind Rome, Jerusalem and Santiago de Compostela as a pilgrimage site. Visitors to the town can climb the Grand Escalier to the 12th-century Cité Religeuse at the top, which consists of seven chapels; the most important of these is the Chapelle Notre-Dame, which sits on top of the Crypte St Amadour. Other highlights include the Musée d’Art Sacrée which houses many relics, paintings and statues, the Chapelle St Michel and the Basilique St Sauveur. Visitors can also climb the Chemin de Croix and see superb views of the Dordogne from the ramparts of the 14th-century château at the top.